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Section 2: Special Focus:
Palm Biodiesel Prospects in Ukraine
By: Mr. Aleksey Udovenko

Experience • Regional Representative at MPOC 2010 - current job • Technical Engineer at Chimec S.p.a. 2010 - 2010 CHIMEC - specialises in the implementation, application and set-up of “performance” treatments to chemically condition hydrocarbons and waters, and to decontaminate industrial oil plants • Production manager (Chief Production Dispatcher) at Ilyichevsk Oils and Fats Industrial Complex 2008 - 2010 • Key Technologist at Ilyichevsk Oils and Fats Industrial Complex 2006 - 2008 • Head of Quality Control department at Ilyichevsk Oils and Fats Industrial Complex 2004 - 2006 • Manager of Bulking Terminal at Ilyichevsk Oils and Fats Industrial Complex 2004 - 2006 • Project development manager at Ilyichevsk Oils and Fats Industrial Complex 2002 - 2004 Education • 2000 - 2001 National Technical University “Polytechnic Institute” of Kharkov Master's degree, Technology of Fats and Fat Replaces • 1999 - 2001 Military school of NTU KPI Lieutenant, Fuels and lubricants, • 1996 - 2000 National Technical University “Polytechnic Institute” of Kharkov Bachelor of Applied Science (B.A.Sc.), Technology of Fats and Fat Replaces, bachelor of science, • 2015 Graduated from Institute European d'enseignement des relations publiques • 2015 Graduated from Moscow State University - Phylosophy Public Relations
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Despite the increase in oil consumption as the main fuel, the demand for renewable energy sources is growing. The European Union is the world’s largest producer and consumer of biodiesel. Biodiesel is produced mainly from vegetable oil which is a renewable resource. This allows reducing carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. The production of biodiesel in the EU is now growing. In 2017 it exceeded 11.9 million tons.

In the transport sector, biodiesel is effectively used both when mixed with diesel fuel and in its pure form. However, when using pure biodiesel (100 %), automakers need to make minor modifications to their engines. Besides, biodiesel can be used to generate heat (in heating systems).

Biodiesel Production Technology
Biodiesel is produced by a chemical reaction between vegetable oil (rapeseed, soybean, and sunflower) or used frying oil/animal fat and alcohol, such as methanol or ethanol.

World Biodiesel Production
According to Oil World ISTA Mielke GmbH, out of 225 million tons of oils and fats produced in 2017/2018, about 15 % has been used in the energy sector. Over the past 11 years, biodiesel production has tripled. Palm oil is one of the main raw materials for biodiesel production. For this purpose, 12 million tons or 18 % of palm oil total consumption was used in 2017.

Rapeseed and palm oils are the main raw material for biodiesel production in the EU.

Prospects of Ukraine
Ukraine intends to legislatively introduce the addition of biodiesel shortly.
On November 29, 2017, the Verkhovna Rada registered draft law No. 7348 developed following Directive 2009/28/EC together with the State Agency for Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving. The initiators of the draft law were 35 deputies of various factions. The main provisions of draft law No. 7348 are the establishment of mandatory quotas for manufacturers and importers of motor fuels, regulating the number of bio components in total sales in Ukraine, as well as fines for non-compliance with these requirements. The draft law was unanimously supported by the Verkhovna Rada Board of Transport. The Board recommended that the Parliament adopt the law in the first reading. This initiative of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine can give impetus to the development of the country’s biodiesel industry while reducing its dependence on imported fossil fuels, which account for 95 % of fuel consumption.

Ukrainian Biodiesel Export Potential
Ukraine is the world’s largest exporter of sunflower oil. It also exports soybean and rapeseed oil. Ukraine has the potential of becoming a major biodiesel producer of for all three kinds of oil.

Moreover, when producing refined sunflower oil (Ukraine produces it in large volumes), about 10,000 tons of deodorization cuts (free fatty acids) are generated. These “waste” can be used as a raw material in biodiesel production.

Methyl Alcohol
Another important component for biodiesel production is low chain alcohols. In industry, triglycerides are reacted with an alcohol, such as methanol, to generate fatty acid esters and glycerol. Alcohol reacts with fatty acids to form monoalkyl ester (biodiesel) and raw glycerol. Over the past five years, methanol import to Ukraine averaged 33 thousand tons. With 88 % of the market, Russia is the leading supplier.

Fatty Acids Export from Ukraine
Another component of biodiesel production is a fatty acid. Ukraine’s average export of industrial monocarboxylic fatty acids; acidic oils from refining; industrial fatty alcohols as per code HS 3823 amounts to 26 thousand tons per year.

A huge advantage for Ukraine is that the major players in this market are its nearest neighbours: Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria – with many of which the country has common borders. This gives good prospects for the growth of bilateral trade on this item, biodiesel.

Ukraine is capable of producing fatty acids from any vegetable oil (soybean, rapeseed, sunflower). Also, having its own oil refining plants, Ukraine already produces a large number of fatty acid oils. Low cost and high quality can make deodorization cuts a good raw material for biodiesel production.

Summing up, it is safe to say that Ukraine has good prospects to become a major exporter of biodiesel in Eastern Europe.


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Questions & Answers (1) :
Anthony Yap
4 hours ago
On Page 9; Ukraine plan to introduce B4 biodiesel : i) What will be the main feedstock to be used for B4, ii) Any subsidies been given? iii) Any price formula been use for B4? iv) any used cooking oils been collected and export out for Biodiesel purposes? If yes; what is the figures and value?
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